SCWIP Phase 2 Overview


The primary purpose of the Spruce Creek Watershed Improvement Project (SCWIP) Phase II was to address the cumulative impacts of increasing development and polluted runoff to surface waters in the Spruce Creek watershed (see Appendix A for watershed description). In particular, this project focused on reducing bacteria loading and the export of sediment and nutrients into Spruce Creek to improve water quality and help re-open shellfish harvest areas. This was accomplished through the installation of structural Best Management Practices (BMPs) at residential, commercial, and town properties. The project also aimed to raise awareness about watershed problems and foster long-term watershed stewardship. Some of the major project outcomes include:

  • The installation of 25 BMPs to control polluted runoff (21 residential and 4 commercial).
  • Direct education of over 300 watershed citizens and visitors through outreach.
  • Over 1,500 volunteer hours logged.
  • The maintenance of the Protect Kittery Waters website.
  • The continuation of the Protect Kittery Waters Pledge program which has received pledges from 54 local citizens to implement a total of 648 watershed-friendly practices on their properties.
  • Presentations at over 8 events.

For more information please download the SCWIP Phase II Final Report (with appendices) or the SCWIP Phase II Final Report (no appendices).

Project Duration

Project start date: December 2009
Project completion date: September 2012

Estimated Total Cost, Federal & Non-Federal Sources
Federal Grant (319): $79,780
Non-Federal Match: $134,108 ($52,762 over the $81,346 pledged)
Total: $213,888

Project Outcome

  1. At least ________ NPS sites treated with BMPs.
  2. At least _____ watershed citizens and visitors directly educated

Environmental Results

  1. Pollutants controlled: Reductions of sediment (tons/year), nitrogen (lbs/yr) and phosphorus (lbs/year) will be estimated for NPS sites treated with BMPs. Estimated tons of sediment kept out of Spruce Creek by addressing high and medium impact sites.
  2. Water Quality Improvement: Improvement in river water quality is a long-term measure of environmental results of NPS abatement in the watershed. The final project report will include a summary of the current status of water quality as reported by the quality-assured efforts of the volunteer Spruce Creek Association. The summary will describe progress reopening the shellfish harvest area.

Interagency Coordination, Roles & Responsibilities

Grantee: The Town of Kittery

  • The Maine Department of Environmental Protection will administer project funding, serve as the project advisor, participate on the steering committee and assist with local education/outreach efforts.
  • The US Environmental Protection Agency will provide project funding and guidance.
  • The Town of Kittery will serve as the project sponsor and be responsible for the coordination and implementation of all project activities.
  • The Spruce Creek Association will provide in-kind match and serve on the steering committee, update and expand the current list of watershed residents, recruit volunteer assistance for NPS mitigation sites, coordinate the community participation, and assist in designing the outreach materials
  • The Maine Department of Marine Resources will contribute water quality monitoring and shoreline survey data and will assist with managing and reopening clam flats.
  • The Wells National Estuarine Research Reserve will participate on the project steering committee and provide input on project tasks.
  • The York County Soil and Water Conservation District will provide project support, paid technical assistance, engineering assistance, serve on the steering committee and will assist with all project tasks.
  • Representatives from the Town of Eliot will serve on the steering committee and provide project updates to Town’s Select Board, Planning Board and Conservation Commission.
  • The University of New Hampshire Stormwater Center will provide technical assistance on effective stormwater BMPs for treatment and removal of bacteria, heavy metals, and nutrients.


Project Photos

Visit the Protect Kittery Waters photo site at